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### excel vba bit mask

By Excel Hero on May 27, 2020
``````'VBA function to create a bitmask in a Long Integer:

Function BitMask&(ParamArray a())
Dim i&, n&, m
For i = 0 To UBound(a)
If i > 31 Then Exit Function
m = a(i)
If m <> 0 Then
If Len(m) Then
BitMask = BitMask Or Abs(m) * 2 ^ i
End If
End If
Next
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dim mask&

mask = BitMask(1, 0, 0, 0, 1)
MsgBox mask   '<--displays:  17         (00000000000000000000000000010001)

mask = BitMask(False, True, True)
MsgBox mask   '<--displays:  6          (00000000000000000000000000000110)

'-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

'The above function is fast. But for the fastest possible native code,
'exponentiation (slow) can be optimized, by a lookup table. The following
'function uses the ShiftLeft() function, which is highly optimized. It is
'literally a hundred times faster:

Function BitMask&(ParamArray a())
Dim i&, n&, m
For i = 0 To UBound(a)
If i > 31 Then Exit Function
m = a(i)
If m <> 0 Then
If Len(m) Then
BitMask = BitMask Or ShiftLeft(Abs(m), i)
End If
End If
Next
End Function

Function ShiftLeft&(ByVal n&, Optional ByVal shifts& = 1)
Dim d&
Select Case shifts
Case 1:  d = 2& * (n And 1073741823): If n And 1073741824 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 2:  d = 4& * (n And 536870911):  If n And 536870912 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 3:  d = 8& * (n And 268435455):  If n And 268435456 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 4:  d = 16& * (n And 134217727): If n And 134217728 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 5:  d = 32& * (n And 67108863):  If n And 67108864 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 6:  d = 64& * (n And 33554431):  If n And 33554432 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 7:  d = 128& * (n And 16777215): If n And 16777216 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 8:  d = 256& * (n And 8388607):  If n And 8388608 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 9:  d = 512& * (n And 4194303):  If n And 4194304 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 10: d = 1024& * (n And 2097151): If n And 2097152 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 11: d = 2048& * (n And 1048575): If n And 1048576 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 12: d = 4096& * (n And 524287):  If n And 524288 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 13: d = 8192& * (n And 262143):  If n And 262144 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 14: d = 16384& * (n And 131071): If n And 131072 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 15: d = 32768 * (n And 65535):   If n And 65536 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 16: d = 65536 * (n And 32767&):  If n And 32768 Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 17: d = 131072 * (n And 16383&): If n And 16384& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 18: d = 262144 * (n And 8191&):  If n And 8192& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 19: d = 524288 * (n And 4095&):  If n And 4096& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 20: d = 1048576 * (n And 2047&): If n And 2048& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 21: d = 2097152 * (n And 1023&): If n And 1024& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 22: d = 4194304 * (n And 511&):  If n And 512& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 23: d = 8388608 * (n And 255&):  If n And 256& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 24: d = 16777216 * (n And 127&): If n And 128& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 25: d = 33554432 * (n And 63&):  If n And 64& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 26: d = 67108864 * (n And 31&):  If n And 32& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 27: d = 134217728 * (n And 15&): If n And 16& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 28: d = 268435456 * (n And 7&):  If n And 8& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 29: d = 536870912 * (n And 3&):  If n And 4& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 30: d = 1073741824 * (n And 1&): If n And 2& Then d = d Or &H80000000
Case 31: If n And &H1& Then d = &H80000000 Else d = &H0&
Case 0:  d = n
End Select
ShiftLeft = d
End Function
``````

Source: academy.excelhero.com

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